Appointed to the Treasury in the Ministry of the Economy and Finance in 1976, Christian Noyer then spent two years (1980-1982) at France's permanent representation to the European Communities in Brussels. He was appointed Vice-President of the European Central Bank in Frankfurt when the institution was set up in 1998. Christian Noyer was the Governor of the Banque de France between November 2003 and October 2015 and was reappointed for a second six-year term in 2009. During his tenure as Governor, Christian Noyer was also Chairman of the Autorité de contrôle prudentiel et de résolution and chaired the supervisory boards of the Institut d'émission des départements d'Outre-Mer(IEDOM) and the Institut d'émission d'Outre-Mer (IEOM) - the French overseas note-issuing central banks. Christian Noyer was elected as chairman of the Bank for International Settlements between March 2010 and October 2015.